HOW TO MAKE STRONG COFFEE
“Humanity runs on coffee”
Coffee – the second most popular drink in the world after water, , but many people drink it for the purpose of euphoria.
According to a study by a US chemist, Joe Vinson of Scranton University, coffee is an important source of antioxidants for the body, which is previously only seen in fruits and green vegetables. These substances also indirectly reduce the risk of cancer in humans.
Coffee (originally from the French word café) is a black, caffeinated drink produced from roasted coffee beans. Coffee was first used in the 9th century, when it was discovered in the Ethiopian highlands. From there, it spread to Egypt and Yemen, and by the 15th century, to Armenia, Persia, Turkey and Northern Africa. It then appeared in Italy, the rest of Europe, Indonesia, and the United States.
Before we show you how to make strong coffee without a coffee maker, let’s go through some famous kinds of coffee beans in the world.
I. Kind of coffee beans
Before we share the tips on how to make strong coffee, in other words, how to make strong coffee without a coffee maker, let’s get to know types of coffee beans. There are three types of coffee beans, including Arabica, Canephora (known as Robusta) and Excelsa (known as Liberia).
The quality of coffee differs depending on the types of seed and the soil that is used to grow coffee. Robusta coffee is compared to Arabica coffee due to its lower quality and reasonable price. The most expensive and rare coffee in the world is called Kopi Luwak (or “mink coffee” as the common name), which is grown especially in Vietnam and Indonesia. This is not a coffee variety but a way of processing coffee using the civet’s digestive tract.
Coffee is divided into many types depending on the way of roasting. Roasting is to reduce the moisture in the seeds, and to release the aroma. In general, coffee is roasted in large quantities using high heat for a quick time (about 204 to 260 degree celsius in 5 minutes), and then cooled by a fan or sprinkled to avoid burning.
One can roast a sketchy coffee can be called under the name Cinnamon roast (about 7 minutes), medium roast, also known as Full City or Brown (with the duration from 9 to 11 minutes), or full roasted, a French roasting time from 12 to 13 minutes. The most thorough roasting is the Italian style (espresso) that takes 14 minutes or more until the charring starts.
Coffee is also distinguished by the way of grinding. For about a hundred years, people have processed powdered coffee that we just need to put in boiling water to drink. Powdered coffee is prepared in 2 ways: freeze drying or spray drying. Both must be pre-filtered to draw all the essence and then spray out into tiny particles to dry. However, fastidious people who know how to make strong coffee still believe that this kind of coffee cannot be compared to brewed coffee.
II. Type of strong coffee
Espresso was born in Italy around 1930 and the name is formed from the word Espressivo, which means a food specially formulated for diners, originating from the very beginning
However, Espresso literally means “pressed”. It is because the method of preparing Espresso is to use hot water and slightly press it through pre-ground and roasted coffee with high pressure (ideally 9 – 10 atmospheres). Therefore, a cup of espresso is a dark and concentrated juice with a very high concentration, so the capacity is limited to less than 20 milliliters.
Under water pressure, all the ingredients of the coffee are separated by leaching hot water through the compacted fine coffee. After “pressing” the coffee, the Espresso cup will have two basic layers of the espresso: the crema layer and the liquid layer (also known as the ice cream layer and the coffee water layer). The crema layer is made up of CO2 foam surrounded by water and oil. The remainder of the espresso cup is the liquid layer made up of solutes, gases, and insoluble substances. This is the part that makes up the flavor of our favorite espresso.
Also, the crema emerging on the liquid surface looks very voluminous and seductive. However, this crema layer creates a wave of debate among coffee lovers. Until now, this debate is still on going because some people believe that it is better to stir the crema well before drinking, and the others have the opposite opinion.
Cafe Americano, also known as Caffè Americano, Café Américano, American Coffee is a beverage from coffee and is considered a traditional drink of America.
Originally, this popular coffee was Espresso – an Italian coffee. Although Espresso offers a pure aroma of coffee, sometimes it is too strong to make the drinker get drunk and make them dizzy. In addition, this coffee has a bitter taste that not everyone can enjoy.
When brewing Americano, based on the experiences of an in-style barista who knows how to make strong coffee, the barista needs to brew the correct ratio of ⅓ Espresso with ⅔ water. Excessive dilution will detract from the flavor of the Americano.
Mocha coffee has a very long history in the hometown of the famous Moka coffee variety. It is the port city of Al-Makha (also known as the port of Mokka) in the Republic of Yemen.
With the suitable soil conditions, coffee trees grown in Yemen and Indonesia always have a unique flavor. During the transportation of goods back and forth, people accidentally mixed the two different types together. These two different types are now known as the beverage called Mocha – Java. This combination gives a rich flavor and is very delicious as the recipe spreads rapidly throughout the world. Currently, if you go to any coffee shop, you can order a Mocha or Java.
Are you wondering how to make strong coffee in Mocha style? Mocha is a drink with a combination of ⅖ Espresso, ⅕ hot milk and ⅖ seductive chocolate sauce flavor with the ratio of 2:1:2. It is these ingredients that make the perfect blend, and create the bitterness of coffee combined with the feeling of chocolate deposition.
Macchiato, also known as Caffe Macchiato or Espresso Macchiato, is an Espresso coffee with a layer of fat foam that makes macchiato have a stronger flavor than many other drinks. In Italian, Macchiato is understood as “spot” or “mark”, to distinguish it from two very popular drinks besides Cappuccino and Latte.
Today, however, Macchiato is not only the term used to refer to the name of Italian coffee, but it is also commonly used to refer to beverages with a milky foam above. The origin of the name Macchiato is derived from the Italian bartenders, used to distinguish it from Cappuccino or Latte. Not only that, in each country, this drink also has other names, such as: The name “cafe pingado” in Portugal, which means coffee with one drop; in Mexico, macchiato is called “cortado”.
Two popular variations of Macchiato are Espresso Macchiato and Latte Macchiato:
- Espresso Macchiato: This type is made mostly with strong coffee and has a little hot fresh milk and foam. A special feature of Espresso Macchiato is biased towards the bitter taste and passionate aroma of coffee, suitable for those who love the strong and bitter coffee flavor.
- Latte Macchiato: Different from Espresso Macchiato, Latte Macchiato leaves a strong impression on diners with a rich sweet taste, and a hint of coffee aroma. If the milk foam of Espresso Macchiato is the “speckled streak”, the main ingredient of Latte Macchiato is the hot whipped fresh milk foam, with the coffee makes up only a very small part.
Coffee legends often tell about the discovery of the first coffee tree in Ethiopia. It is said that the goat man discovered a goat in the herd suddenly became strangely excited, running tirelessly after eating a plant with white flowers, round red fruit, which is now called the coffee bean.
Over the years, the delicious taste and the spiritual stimulant and stimulating effects of this miraculous seed have remained unchanged, but every day, through the skillful hand of humans, becomes even more wonderful. In Ethiopia, coffee is called Buna and is often served with salt or butter instead of sugar.
A famous Turkish proverb says that coffee should be “black as hell, strong as death, and sweet as love” – that is also considered the norm of a cup of coffee in this country. In Turkey, people take coffee powder mixed into water and then boil it directly on the stove and eat it with local chewy candies. Turks love the natural and refreshing taste of a simple cup of coffee.
After being brewed, the coffee is reheated two or three times until thick and dark before pouring into a cup. What is more interesting is that, after drinking, people often put their cups of coffee down on a plate and see their fortune-telling based on the coffee residue on the plate, they call it fassomancy.
III. How to make strong coffee without a coffee maker
Modern baristas have turned making coffee into an art form, and we’re all addicted to their work. These days there are hundreds of different ways of making coffee, and which cup is ‘the best’ depends on your own taste. But no matter how you brew, every cup of coffee is underpinned by the same seven key steps.
Sometimes, you do not feel like to go to the coffee shop to enjoy the hot aromatic coffee, but just want to stay at home for sipping, putting the music on and chill. However, not everyone has a coffee maker because it’s too expensive to afford, or the big ones take up too much space.
For a phin, everyone can afford to buy it because of the reasonable price and the handiness. For the one who have not known what the phin is, the phin consists of a round perforated plate, that fits over a coffee mug or cup; a brewing chamber, that sits on top of the plate; a perforated insert that fits inside the chamber, to tamp the grounds down; and a cap to keep the heat in.
Most people claim that making coffee is as easy as a piece of cake. But without experience in preparing this drink, you will ruin a cup of coffee. Brewing coffee is not only adding coffee and pouring water into the phin, but also quantifying with the appropriate ratio. Therefore, there are many people who want to be instructed to prepare delicious coffee at home to save their time.
Making coffee is not as simple as everyone thinks in usual. To make good coffee, we need to have our own recipe, and everyone’s recipe is different. The following tips will give you a rough guide of what to order at a cafe/ restaurant and how to make strong coffee at home.
TIP 1: CHOOSE TO BUY THE TRULY COFFEE
To make a delicious cup of coffee in style, choosing to buy coffee plays a very important role, so when choosing to buy coffee you need to:
- Try to find coffee that comes sealed tightly. If your favorite roaster does not do airtight bags, just make sure the coffeewas roasted within the last two weeks. Bear in mind that the more recently, the better. If the coffee you buy does not have a roast date printed on it, ask the barista or the seller when it was roasted.
- The secret to make good coffee is not just using one type, you should mix 3 or 5 different types of coffee in stead because each type of coffee will have a different taste, some type has a more bitter taste, some have a “very coffee” aroma, some have a greasy taste. Mixing the coffee with the right ratio will help you get a delicious cup of coffee with true flavor.
TIP 2: PREPARE THE PHIN
All coffee lovers go through trying to figure out how to make strong coffee and wonder if finding a good coffee phin would really make any difference. Phin and coffee cups, which are chosen correctly, will help you make delicious coffee, keep the coffee taste better, and help your coffee taste richer.
Ideally, you should use a ceramic cup to make your coffee and choose a good phin, made of stainless steel, with small holes for better compression and more effective absorption.
TIP 3: TAKE THESE FOLLOWING STEPS
You may not know that to be able to make a good cup of coffee is an art, please fully perform the following delicious coffee making steps:
Step 1: Prepare the phin, the cup used to make coffee must be clean and dry. Rinse the phin with hot boiling water. Besides, also ensure hygiene when you drink coffee.
Step 2: Put a sufficient amount of coffee into ½ cup, gently shake and squeeze. Remember not to compress too tightly because the water will not absorb all the coffee powder. It is noticed that you need to use very hot boiling water, about 95 degree celsius to 100 degrees celsius. This is one of the important notes when preparing strong coffee.
Step 3: Put a little water in and wait about 1 minute for the coffee to fully absorb, then start adding more water. If you want to get more coffee water, let the water out and use another cup to get the next coffee, rather than adding water right after that will lose the strong flavor of the first coffee water.
Step 4: An important thing to create the richness is to add 1 to 2 seeds of refined salt, a little sweetened condensed milk will be a good way to make coffee smell better. This also makes the color more attractive, the flavor more delicious, and the smell of sugar is reduced more effectively.
TIP 4: KNOW HOW TO ENJOY A CUP OF COFFEE
After you have brewed a cup of delicious coffee, now you can add sugar, milk, and ice that meets your flavor. You can also add a pad of unsalted butter instead of milk or cream can help you lose weight and boost your energy. Drinking coffee with cinnamon instead of sugar is also a must. It will sweeten up your drink without adding any calories.
Another ways to enjoy a good cup of coffee is to mix a few drops of vanilla or almond extract into some milk. In this way, you will get a perfectly good creamer for your coffee. Plus, it will last longer than store-bought creamers, so you don’t have to worry about it going bad.
Now that we’ve shared all about how to make strong coffee, and also how to make strong coffee without a coffee maker, how will you make yours?
In conclusion, it can be said that coffee is one of the most popular drinks among people. Through this article, I hope that you have an overview of coffee, its origin and the famous types in the world. Thereby, you will know how to make strong coffee at home without a coffee maker, as well as tips to get a delicious cup of coffee.